Experiment No. : 1
Measurement of Voltage, Current and Power in a Single-Phase Circuit with Resistive Load.
To measure the voltage, current and power in a single-phase circuit with Resistive load.
As per shown circuit diagram, we have used a rheostat as resistive load. An MI type ammeter is connected in series with the rheostat to measure the current flowing through it. We have selected the ammeter according to the load current. An MI type voltmeter is connected across the load to measure the voltage across it. To measure the power drawn by the load we have connected a wattmeter. We have selected the Wattmeter and Voltmeter as per supply voltage and current rating of the load.
In Wattmeter, the multiplying factor is given by,
In our case,
(i) MF= (150×5×1)/750 = 1 [When supply voltage is 100 V]
(ii) MF= (300×5×1)/750 = 2 [When supply voltage is 200 V]
So, we have to multiply 1 and 2 with the reading taken from the Wattmeter in Sl. No. 1 and 2 respectively as shown in observation table.
|Sl. No.||Resistance (Ohm)||Voltage (V)||Current (A)||Power (W)|
- We should not touch the rheostat coil during and after the test, because it will dissipate a good amount of heat.
- The resistance of the rheostat should be measured after disconnecting from the supply without changing its value through jockey.